Primordial cultural arguments regarding democracy state that any culture

1.Primordial cultural arguments regarding democracy state that any culture could be compatible with democratic institutions.A) trueB) false2.One of the problems with the early forms of arguments about the cultural determinants of democracy is that they did not clearly specify what aspect of culture actually mattered for democracy to emerge or survive. Thus, their claims were not always presented in a falsifiable manner.A) trueB) false3.In the 1960s, a new group of scholars began studying the link between culture and democracy. Specifically, Almond & Verba used surveys to get information about how individuals in different countries felt about political institutions, actors, and processes. They claimed that the type of culture that is most compatible with democracy is:A) parochial cultureB) subject cultureC) participant cultureD) American culture4.Almond and Verba studied political culture through the use of what?A) case studiesB) statisticsC) surveysD) experimentsE) formal models5.In his books, Making Democracy Work and Bowling Alone, Robert Putnam highlights the importance of what factor when explaining why some democracies perform better than others?A) wealthB) religionC) social capitalD) institutions6.In Making Democracy Work and Bowling Alone, Robert Putnam highlights the importance of social capital when explaining why some democracies perform better than others. His argument supports the results of the experiments discussed in Chapter 7 that suggest that if we assume that democratic institutions tend to require a particular type of behavior, then individuals in societies whose interactions already require this behavior in everyday interactions will find it easier to adopt and support democracy.A) trueB) false7.Obtain a copy of M. Steven Fish s article, Islam and Authoritarianism from the journal World Politics 55, 1 (2002): 4-37 using your college s or university s library resources. Read the article. What is Fish s dependent variable?A) DemocracyB) WarC) Civil WarD) Economic Development8.Obtain a copy of M. Steven Fish s article, Islam and Authoritarianism from the journal World Politics 55, 1 (2002): 4-37 using your college s or university s library resources. Read the article. What is the main independent variable?A) Economic developmentB) oil relianceC) whether a country is predominantly Muslim or notD) whether a country is a former British colony or not9.Obtain a copy of M. Steven Fish s article, Islam and Authoritarianism from the journal World Politics 55, 1 (2002): 4-37 using your college s or university s library resources. Read the article and then answer. What is the main hypothesis of this article?A) Wealthy countries have higher levels of democracyB) Islamic countries have higher levels of democracyC) Islamic countries have lower levels of democracyD) More oil reliant states have lower levels of democracyE) More oil reliant states have higher levels of democracy10.Obtain a copy of M. Steven Fish s article, Islam and Authoritarianism from the journal World Politics 55, 1 (2002): 4-37 using your college s or university s library resources. Read the article. What evidence would falsify the main hypothesis?A) Islamic countries have a higher level of democracyB) Islamic countries have a lower level of democracyC) Wealthy countries have a lower level of democracyD) Oil reliant states have a higher level of democracy11.Obtain a copy of M. Steven Fish s article, Islam and Authoritarianism from the journal World Politics 55, 1 (2002): 4-37 using your college s or university s library resources. Read the article. Fish examines several arguments about why Islam might be bad for democracy. What are they?A) a. Muslim societies are prone to violenceB) b. Muslim societies have lower levels of interpersonal trustC) c. Muslim societies are less secularD) d. Muslim societies subordinate womenE) e. Answers a. and b.F) f. Answers b. and c.G) g. Answers a. b. c. and d.12.Obtain a copy of M. Steven Fish s article, Islam and Authoritarianism from the journal World Politics 55, 1 (2002): 4-37 using your college s or university s library resources. Read the article. According to Fish’s findings (not the theories), what is the reason why Islamic countries have lower levels of democracy?A) Muslim societies are more prone to violenceB) Muslim societies are less secularC) Muslim societies subordinate womenD) Muslim societies have lower levels of interpersonal trust13.Obtain a copy of M. Steven Fish s article, Islam and Authoritarianism from the journal World Politics 55, 1 (2002): 4-37 using your college s or university s library resources. Read the article. Given his dependent variable, what sign (positive or negative) does Fish predict for the coefficient on his primary explanatory variable?A) positiveB) negativeC) positive or negative14.Obtain a copy of M. Steven Fish s article, Islam and Authoritarianism from the journal World Politics 55, 1 (2002): 4-37 using your college s or university s library resources. Read the article. What sign (positive or negative) does Fish find for the coefficient on his primary explanatory variable? Hint: see Table 3, column 1 on page 13.A) positiveB) negativeC) positive or negative15.One of the conclusions that Fish reaches is that Islam is antithetical to democracy because women are not treated equally in Islamic countries. He reaches this conclusion while using Freedom House as his measure of democracy. Why might it be problematic to use Freedom House to examine the impact that the unequal treatment of women in Islamic countries has on democracy? What is the most appropriate answer below. Find the complete list of questions that are used to create a country s Freedom House score by going to http://www.freedomhouse.org/. Identify which questions make it problematic to use Freedom House scores to test Fish s statement that Islam is bad for democracy because of its unequal treatment of women.A) Because Freedom House is a bad measure of democracyB) Because Freedom House is a measure of freedom and not democracyC) Because a country’s Freedom House score is partially determined by how equally women are treated.D) Because a country’s Freedom House score does not take account of how equally women are treated.16.What are the expected outcome(s) from the Group Subgame?A) Both acquiesce or both challengeB) Both challengeC) In one, Group A acquiesces but Group B challenges. In another, Group A challenges but Group B acquiesces.D) Both acquiesce17.At the end of Chapter 7, Question 5 addresses a Coordination and Democracy Game. Read the setup of the game and answer the following questions. What is or are the Nash equilibria in the Group SubgameA) (Acquiesce; Acquiesce)B) (Acquiesce; Acquiesce), (Challenge; Challenge)C) (Challenge; Challenge)D) (Acquiesce; Challenge), (Challenge; Acquiesce)E) (Acquiesce; Challenge), (Challenge; Challenge)18.By solving the Group Subgame in Figure 7.7, you have found out that the State can expect to receive one of two possible payoffs if it transgresses. Compare each of the State s potential payoffs from transgressing with the State s payoff from not transgressing. What can you say about the circumstances under which the State will or will not transgress against its citizens?A) The state will not transgress if both groups acquiesceB) The state will not transgress if both groups challengeC) The state will not transgress if one of the groups challenge.D) The state will transgress if both groups challenge19.How does the Coordination and Democracy Game help illustrate the notion that the coordination of beliefs between different groups in society might be considered a democratic culture something that is necessary for democracy to emerge and survive? What answer is most appropriate?A) Because only if groups coordinate their beliefs on challenging the state will the state choose not to transgressB) Because only if groups coordinate their beliefs on acquiescing to the state will the state choose not to transgress.C) Because the state will transgress unless the groups coordinate their beliefs.20.In the chapter, we note that some political scientists believe that democracy is hard to sustain in countries that are characterized by a large number of ethnic or cultural groups. How does the Coordination and Democracy Game that you have just examined help to explain why this might be the case?A) Because large numbers of ethnic groups lead to ethnic conflict which is bad for democracy.B) Because democratic survival requires citizens to agree on when the state transgresses and to challenge it. Reaching agreement on these things (coordinating beliefs) will be harder when there are many different ethnic groups that might look at the world differently.

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