PHI 208 Assignment Paper – APPLICATION OF DEONTOLOGICAL ETHICAL THEORY

Please read these assignment instructions before writing
your paper, and re-read them often during and after the writing process to make
sure that you are fulfilling all of the instructions. Please also utilize the
assignment guidance and the outlined model provided.

Overview
The following short
essay assignment is designed to help prepare you for an important part of the
Final Paper. In this essay, you will do the following:
•Choose either the same ethical question you formulated and
introduced in the Week One Assignment, or a different one based off the list of
acceptable topics.
•Choose either utilitarian or deontological ethical theory
to apply to the ethical question.
•Explain the core principles of that theory.
•Demonstrate how the principles of the theory support a
certain position on that question.
•Articulate a relevant objection to that position.

Instructions
Write a
five-paragraph essay that conforms to the requirements below. The paper must be
at least 1,000 words in length (excluding title and reference pages) and
formatted according to APA style as outlined in the Ashford Writing Center. The
paragraphs of your essay should conform to the following guidelines:
•Introduction
The introduction
should clearly state the ethical question under consideration, and define the
essential issues. You may build upon the question and introduction you provided
in the Week One Assignment; or you may choose a different question, but it must
be based off the list of acceptable topics. Your introduction should include a
brief remark about the kind of theory you will be using to approach this
question. The last sentence of the introduction should briefly summarize the or
position on the issue you think is best supported by this theory and succinctly
state what the objection will be. Bear in mind that your essay will not be
concerned with your own position on this issue, but what someone reasoning
along the lines of the chosen theory would conclude; this may or may not be the
position you took in the Week One Assignment.

•Body Paragraphs
Each paragraph in the
body should start with a topic sentence that clearly identifies the main idea
of the paragraph.
?Theory explanation
Explain the core
principles or features of the deontological or utilitarian theory and the
general account of moral reasoning it provides.

You must quote from
at least one required resource other than your textbook that defends or
represents that theory. Refer to the list of acceptable resources.

?Application
Demonstrate how the
principles or features of the deontological or utilitarian theory apply to the
question under consideration and identify the specific conclusion that results
from applying the reasoning characteristic of that kind of approach.

Your application
should clearly show how the conclusion follows from the main principles and
features of the theory as addressed in the previous paragraph. Please see the
associated guidance for help in fulfilling this requirement.

?Objection
Raise a relevant
objection to the argument expressed in your application. An objection
articulates a plausible reason why someone might find the argument problematic.
This can be a false or unsupported claim or assumption, fallacious reasoning, a
deep concern about what the conclusion involves, a demonstration of how the
argument supports other conclusions that are unacceptable, etc. You should aim
to explain this objection as objectively as possible, (i.e., in a way that
would be acceptable to someone who disagrees with the argument from the
previous paragraph).

Note that this does
not necessarily mean that the objection succeeds, or that the conclusion the
theory supports is wrong. It may be an obstacle that any adequate defense of
the conclusion would have to overcome, and it may be the case that the theory
has the resources to overcome that obstacle. Your task here is simply to raise
the objection or present the “obstacle.”

•Conclusion
The conclusion should
very briefly summarize the main points of your essay.

Resource Requirements
•You must use at least two resources to support your claims.
•At least one of the resources should be one of the Required
or Recommended Resources that represent the theory you have chosen, and must be
drawn from the list of acceptable resources available in your online classroom.

•The other source should pertain to the particular issue you
are writing about and should be drawn from the required or recommended readings
in the course, or be a scholarly source found in the Ashford Unversity Library.
•You are encouraged to use additional resources, so long as
at least two conform to the requirements above.
•The textbook does not count toward satisfying the resources
requirement.
•To count toward satisfying the requirement, resources must
be cited within the body of your paper and on the reference page and formatted
according to APA style as outlined in the Ashford Writing Center.
•If you are unsure about whether a resource fulfills the
requirement, or need assistance in finding resources, please contact your
instructor.

These are the topics on which you are to formulate an
ethical question to address in your papers, along with a few example sub-topics
to help you narrow things down. You should peruse the list of required and
recommend readings on each topic for further ideas (the weeks containing those
lists is next to the topic heading), and you might think about or do some
research into specific controversies that have appeared in the news, that you
have heard about, or that you may have personally encountered.
Please consult the guidance on formulating an ethical
question to help you with that task.
Just War/Military Ethics (Weeks Three and Four)
• The circumstances under which it is or is not legitimate
to use military force against another group or country
• The conditions under which killing another person is or is
not justified within the context of military action
• When it is or is not legitimate to use certain
controversial weapons to conduct military operations, such as drones, nuclear
weapons, chemical and biological weapons, carpet bombs, etc.
• Disobeying unjust or illegal orders given by one’s
superiors
• The kinds of actions or responses are characteristic of
“virtuous” military personnel and their opposites, and how we should understand
those virtues.

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