P120 – Ethics 1. Which of the following is notan element of the “Socratic method

P120 – Ethics

1. Which
of the following is notan element of
the “Socratic method?”
a. Dialectic
b. Ignorance
c. Rhetoric
d. Irony
e. Maieutics

2. Which
element of the “Socratic method” includes a structure of conversation
characterized by a thesis, antithesis and synthesis?
a. Dialectic
b. Ignorance
c. Rhetoric
d. Irony
e. Maieutics

3. What
is Socrates’ main objection to Euthyphro’s claim that Justice is what the gods
love?
a. The
gods do not love Euthyphro’s act of prosecuting his father.
b. This
claim provides an example, but not a definition.
c. The
gods disagree with one another.
d. Euthyphro
is not obeying his conscience.
e. The
gods do not love Justice.

4. Which
of these does Plato suggest is the principal reason that Socrates’ conduct
incurred the disapproval of the government?
a. Socrates
charged too much money for his services.
b. Socrates
denied Euthyphro’s claim that what all the gods love is Just.
c. Socrates
treated the oracle at Delphi in a disrespectful manner.
d. Socrates
was perceived as a challenge to people in positions of authority.
e. Plato
does not suggest that the government disapproved of Socrates’ conduct.

5. For
what crime is Euthyphro prosecuting his father?
a. Atheism
b. Teaching
false gods
c. Corrupting
the youth
d. Murder

e. Sophism

6. In
Plato’s Apology, which of the
following does Socrates identify as an “old charge” against him?
a. Teaching
false gods
b. Atheism
c. Corrupting
the youth
d. Murder

e. Sophism

7. Which
of the following statements best characterizes Socrates’ beliefs concerning
“virtue?”
a. Virtue
is knowledge of moral truth
b. The
virtuous person holds the same set of values in all circumstances
c. The
virtuous person does what their conscience says regardless of danger or fear of
death
d. All
of the above
e. None
of the above

8. Which
of the following does Socrates identify as a metaphysical self?
a. Plato
b. Euthyphro
c. Crito
d. A
person’s physical body
e. A
person’s conscience

9. According
to Socrates, what is the proper understanding of death in relation to one’s
moral duty?
a. To
fear death is unwise, since no one knows what happens after death
b. Death
is morally irrelevant, since death is a physical event but the self is
metaphysical
c. It
is not right to lose one’s life when one can save it, the most important thing
is life
d. All
of the above.
e. a.
and b. only

10. How does Socrates defend himself against the
accusation that he is a sophist?
a. By
presenting himself as an “accomplished speaker”
b. By
proving that he really does believe in gods
c. By
reminding the jury that he does not accept payment and is poor
d. By
making his frequent vow “by the dog!”
e. None
of the above, Socrates admits to being a sophist

11. Which
of the following is true of Socrates’ use of the term “shame?”
a. Shame
is the destruction of the self
b. Shame
is caused by not being true to one’s conscience
c. The
virtuous person can have no shame
d. All
of the above
e. None
of the above

12. According
to Socrates, between which parties does the social
contract exist?
a. The
social contract exists between individual members within society
b. The
social contract exists between collective groups within society
c. The
social contract exists between Socrates and Crito
d. The
social contract exists between Crito and the government in the form of their
agreement to let Socrates escape
e. The
social contract exists between the individual citizen and the state

13. According
to Socrates, what are the criteria for implied
consent in establishing the social contract?
a. One
has reasonable opportunities to leave and/or dissent, and actually takes
advantage of those opportunities
b. One
has reasonable opportunities to leave and/or dissent, and does not take
advantage of those opportunities
c. One
explicitly consents by a written or oral statement
d. All
of the above
e. None
of the above

14. How
does Socrates describe the specific terms of the “social contract?”
a. One
may obey the laws
b. One
may try to persuade the laws to change
c. One
may break the laws
d. a.
and b.
e. a.
and b. and c.

15. Which
of these statements best describes Socrates’ understanding of Justice as
expressed in Crito?
a. If
one has been wronged, then one may do wrong in return
b. It
is not right to lose one’s life when one can save it, the most important thing
is life
c. One
may never do wrong, even if one has oneself been wronged
d. All
of the above
e. None
of the above

16. According
to Martin Luther King, Jr., why do we have a moral duty to break laws that are
unjust?
a. An
unjust law is no law at all
b. Respect
for Law means acting justly, and one cannot act justly while obeying an unjust
law
c. One
must arouse the conscience of the community when injustice is present
d. All
of the above
e. None
of the above

17. In
his Letter from Birmingham Jail, why
does Martin Luther King, Jr., say that he is in Birmingham?
a. Because
there is injustice in Birmingham
b. Because
he was invited to Birmingham
c. Because
he has organizational ties in Birmingham
d. All
of the above
e. None
of the above

18. Which
of these best characterizes King’s description of the difference between Just
and Unjust laws?
a. Just
laws have the support of the majority, Unjust laws do not
b. Just
laws make people happy, Unjust laws do not
c. Just
laws are formed by explicit consent, Unjust laws are formed by implied consent
d. All
of the above
e. None
of the above

19. Which
of these best characterizes King’s description of the difference between Just
and Unjust laws?
a. Just
laws are rational, Unjust laws are irrational
b. Just
laws distinguish between persons and objects, Unjust laws do not
c. Just
laws are consistent with history, Unjust laws are not
d. All
of the above
e. None
of the above

20. Which
of these best characterizes King’s description of the difference between Just
and Unjust laws?
a. Just
laws are binding on lawmakers, Unjust laws are not
b. Just
laws treat all people the same, Unjust laws do not
c. Just
laws are based on principles of retribution, Unjust laws are not
d. All
of the above
e. None
of the above

For questions 21-25, please indicate whether the statement
is True or False (4 points each).

21. ________ Emotivism is a philosophical
position which holds that emotions are not real and may, therefore, be ignored.

22. ________ Psychological egoism asserts that
people’s actions are always motivated by self-interest.

23. ________ A “moral skeptic” is someone who
believes that moral truths cannot be known with certainty.

24. ________ Socrates was a moral skeptic.

25. ________ Socrates claims that death is
morally irrelevant because he knows that the soul is immortal.

Extra Credit (5 points): True or False?

_________ According to Socrates, in order to be wise one
must possess much knowledge.

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