Optimistic Bias

Application: Optimistic BiasOptimistic
bias is the tendency to overestimate the chances that something good
will happen to you and underestimate the chances that something bad
will happen to you. Some researchers propose that positive illusions,
another term for optimistic bias, help protect people against negative
information and shield them from depression, which may contribute to
the glass-half-full disposition. Culture appears to influence the
presence and/or intensity of optimistic bias, particularly when
comparing Eastern collectivist and Western individualistic cultures.
While some aspects of optimistic bias are helpful to judgment, others
are not.To prepare for this assignment:Review the
article “Cultural Variation in Unrealistic Optimism”. Pay particular
attention to the following sections: “Independent Versus Interdependent
Construals of Self,” “Unrealistic Optimism,” and “Concluding Remarks.” Review
the article “Cultural Variations in Optimistic and Pessimistic Bias”.
Focus on individualism and collectivism and the general discussion. Think about the influence of culture on optimistic bias. Keeping in mind the information on individualism and collectivism, reflect on how your culture influences your optimistic bias. Consider a situation in which optimistic bias improved the accuracy of your judgment and thus was helpful. Think of a situation in which optimistic bias was detrimental to your judgment, making it inaccurate.The assignment (1–2 pages):Explain the influence of culture on optimistic bias. Be specific. Explain how your culture influences your optimistic bias. Be sure to include what your culture is. Describe
a situation in which optimistic bias improved the accuracy of a
judgment you made and explain why it was helpful. Then describe a
situation in which optimistic bias lessened the accuracy of a judgment
you made and explain why it was detrimental.Support your
Application Assignment with specific references to all resources used
in its preparation. You are asked to provide a reference for all
resources, including those in the Learning Resources for this course.

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