How does a sample differ from a population

How does a sample differ from a population?Question 1 options:A sample is a subset of a population for which researchers want to make conclusions.Populations are subgroups within the world for which researchers are interested.Populations allow researchers to use statistics rather than parameters when interpreting results.Samples are larger than populations.SaveQuestion 2 (1 point)Which below is a behavioral measure?Question 2 options:accuracyself-evaluation of intelligencypersonalityheightSaveQuestion 3 (1 point)Which statement is true about psychological constructs?Question 3 options:Psychological constructs often refer to internal processes that can be observed and measured directly.Psychological constructs are those in which participants report on their own thoughts, feelings, and actions.Psychological constructs cannot be observed directly because they usually refer to internal processes.Psychological constructs refer to how the researcher expects participants to behave.SaveQuestion 4 (1 point)Choose the statement that provides the best operational definition of attention.Question 4 options:Attention is a behavioral measure of IQ rather than a psychological construct.Attention is how accurately a person distinguishes relevant stimuli within an array of irrelevant stimuli.Attention is how long it takes people to respond to relevant stimuli (i.e., reaction time).Attention is a set of skills that allow people to focus on and process relevant stimuli.SaveQuestion 5 (1 point)Which of the following is NOT an empirical question?Question 5 options:Are women more talkative than men?Is dieting an effective weight loss strategy?Should we prohibit cell phone use while driving?Does cognitive psychotherapy help depressed people?SaveQuestion 6 (1 point)The tendency to notice evidence that is consistent with our beliefs and ignore evidence that is inconsistent withour beliefs is called _____.Question 6 options:wishful thinkingconfirmation biasskepticismcommon senseSaveQuestion 7 (1 point)Two important attitudes of scientists are skepticism and _____.Question 7 options:emotional neutralitymathematical abilitytolerance of uncertaintyreligious agnosticismSaveQuestion 8 (1 point)Measurement is:Question 8 options:the assignment of scores to individuals so that the scores represent some characteristic of the individuals.a definition of a variable in terms of precisely how it is to be measured.refers to the consistency of a construct. a way to ascertain validity and reliability in a questionnaire.SaveQuestion 9 (1 point)What are the four level of measurements?Question 9 options:content, construct, test-retest, and discriminantreliability, validity, psychometric, and interval/rationominal, order, interval, and 0-ordernominal, ordina, interval, and ratioSaveQuestion 10 (1 point)Which is a clear example of a quantitative variable (in comparison to a categorical variable)?Question 10 options:level of depressionsex/genderidentity constructionpopulation samplingSaveQuestion 11 (1 point)Which is a clear example of a categorical variable (in comparison to a quantitative variable)?Question 11 options:level of depressionsex/genderidentity constructionpopulation samplingSaveQuestion 12 (1 point)What is an empirically supported treatment?Question 12 options:a psychological treatment that has been shown to work by scientific researcha psychological treatment that has not yet been testeda psychological treatment that should work in theory but that does not work in practicea psychological treatment that can, in principle, be testedSaveQuestion 13 (1 point)Which of the following is an advantage of narrow theories over broad theories?Question 13 options:They are simpler.They explain more phenomena.They are less technical.They make more precise predictions.SaveQuestion 14 (1 point)How does a scientific theory differ from everyday beliefs?Question 14 options:Theories in science are untested while everyday beliefs about human behavior have been tested via anecdotal evidence.Everyday beliefs about human behavior predict outcomes whereas scientific theories simply explain behavior that is already occurred.Scientific theories are meant to explain the anecdotal evidence that form the basis of everyday beliefs about human behavior.A theory provides an explanation that is either tested or untested whereas everyday beliefs are typically untested scientifically.SaveQuestion 15 (1 point)A theory that explains a behavior primarily in terms of why it happens is which of the following?Question 15 options:a mechanistic theorya typologya functional theorya hypothesisSaveQuestion 16 (1 point)In general, what do researchers conclude when their hypotheses are confirmed?Question 16 options:It is time to switch to a new research topic.They have proven their theory.Their theory now has more support.Nothing because a hypothesis cannot ever be confirmed.SaveQuestion 17 (1 point)Imagine that a research methods instructor accidentally includes concepts on an exam that he did notactually cover in the course. This is a problem with which of the following?Question 17 options:the exam’s face validitythe exam’s discriminant validitythe exam’s criterion validitythe exam’s content validitySaveQuestion 18 (1 point)When will researchers typically abandon a theory?Question 18 options:when it is criticized by other researchersas soon as a hypothesis based on the theory is disconfirmedafter several hypotheses based on the theory are disconfirmedr approximately 10 to 15 yearsSaveQuestion 19 (1 point)Which of the following is the most common type of sample in psychological research?Question 19 options:a convenience samplerandom samplea haphazard samplea stratified sampleSaveQuestion 20 (1 point)Which of the following could NOT be the independent variable in an experiment?Question 20 options:sexual abusestudy strategyroom temperaturemoodSaveQuestion 21 (1 point)Which of the following studies most clearly has the directionality problem?Question 21 options:a study on whether or not a person was sexually abused as a child and how paranoid he or she is as an adulta study on the relationship between losing a limb and one’s self-esteema study relating college students’ study habits to their final exam performancea study on the correlation between how much negative emotion a person has and how many physicalsymptoms he or she hasSaveQuestion 22 (1 point)The most common source of research ideas in psychology is which of the following?Question 22 options:previous researchinformal observationsgovernment regulationssuggestions from friendsSaveQuestion 23 (1 point)What typically happens to a manuscript during the peer review process for a professional journal?Question 23 options:The researcher gets comments on the manuscript from his or her friends before submitting it for publicationThe manuscript is posted on the Internet and voted on by a large group of evaluators.The journal editor sends the manuscript to three experts for their comments before deciding whether to publish it.The manuscript is published and the journal editor then publishes comments from readers.SaveQuestion 24 (1 point)Which statement bests describes the difference between science and pseudoscience?Question 24 options:Science or a scientific is falsifiable whereas pseudoscience may appear scientific, but lacks empiricism.Pseudoscientific theories become public knowledge and are falsifiable; however, science may never become public knowledge.Both science and pseudoscience have a theoretical basis, but only science can prove a theory absolutely true.While science can tell us about what is true, pseudoscience is the most important influence on human beliefs.SaveQuestion 25 (1 point)Which statement is the most accurate defnition of validity.Question 25 options:The term refers to the consistency of a measure. The term refers to the extent to which a measure represents the variable it intends to. The term refers to a measurement method appears “on its face” to measure the construct of interest. The term refers to the extent to which different observers are consistent in their judgments.SaveQuestion 26 (1 point)Which statement is the most accurate defnition of reliability.Question 26 options:The term refers to the consistency of a measure. The term refers to the extent to which a measure represents the variable it intends to. The term refers to a measurement method appears “on its face” to measure the construct of interest. The term refers to the extent to which different observers are consistent in their judgments.SaveQuestion 27 (1 point)In class, we discussed four historical studies that impact how research ethics is viewed today. Milgram’s obedience study and the Tuskegee syphilis study highlight concerns with which below?Question 27 options:deceptiondebriefingnonhuman, animal subjectsscholarly integritySaveQuestion 28 (1 point)In class, we discussed four historical studies that impact how research ethics is viewed today. Harlow’s monkey experiment highlights concerns with which below?Question 28 options:deceptiondebriefingnonhuman, animal subjectsscholarly integritySaveQuestion 29 (1 point)What is the importance debriefing for research ethics?Question 29 options:Debriefing occurse when deception benefits of the study outweigh the risks.Occurs in situations in which informed consent is not necessary.Debriefing erases the need for institutional review boards and for informed consent.Debriefing involves minimizing harm that might have occurred due to initial deception within the experiment.SaveQuestion 30 (1 point)What is an institutional review board (IRB)?Question 30 options:The IRB works in collaboration with the American Psychological Association and the Belmont Committee for Research with Human Subjects to monitor all research activity in the United States.The IRB establishes ethical guidelines for research with human subjects and nonhuman, animal subjects.The IRB is an institutional committee that is responsible for reviewing research protocols for potential ethical problem.The IRB is an institutional committee responsible for providing funding to studies on research ethics.SaveQuestion 31 (1 point)Researcher A says that people who got allowances as children are more financially responsible as adults because they had more opportunity to learn how to handle money. Researcher B says that people who got allowances as children are more financially responsible adults because they are responsible people in general, which is why their parents gave the allowances in the first place. Which of the following best describes this state of affairs?Question 31 options:The researchers share the same hypothesis but are proposing different phenomena.The researchers agree on the phenomenon but disagree about the theory.The researchers have the same theory but different hypotheses.The researchers are taking different perspectives on the same theory.SaveQuestion 32 (1 point)Which statement is one demonstrating external validity?Question 32 options:The Dr. Brown Questionnaire of Course Engagement has high internal consistency.There is a direct relationship between nutrition as a child and height as an adult.His IQ was the same on both tests of intelligence.The results of this study can be applied to both typically and atypically developing child populations.SaveQuestion 33 (1 point)__________________ is a type of study designed specifically to answer the question of whether there is a causal relationship between two variables. Question 33 options:An experimentInternal validityAn observationAn ethnographySaveQuestion 34 (1 point)The __________________ variable is hypothesized to cause changes in the __________________ variable.Question 34 options:independent; dependentdependent; extraneousconfounding; extraneousdependent; independentSaveQuestion 35 (1 point)Which is true about the UMUC library?Question 35 options:The UMUC library is unavailable online.The UMUC library includes subscriptions to scholarly journals, but not peer-reviewed journals.The UMUC library includes subject guides, subscriptions to scholarly journals, and remote methods for contacting librarians.While the UMUC library includes subject guides and scholarly databases, you must travel to Largo to speak to librarian.

Order your essay today and save 30% with the discount code: KIWI20