hapter VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, as amended by the Equal Employment Opportunities Act of 1972 and the Civil Rights Act of 1991, forbids employer and union discrimination based on race, color, religion, sex, or national origin. I’d like to take a look at the issue of sex discrimination in employment practices for this week.
I would like for you to consider the case of Boyd v. Ozark Airlines. Previously, in Griggs v. Duke, the Court opined that if an employer uses criteria in employment decisions that have a disparate impact on women, the employer must be able to show the requirements are, in fact, job related and not merely to eliminate women from employment with that employer. In Boyd, the airline made a minimum height requirement of 5’ 7” for pilots; this rule had a disparate impact on women being hired as pilots. The Court held that minimum height requirements were valid for pilots but ordered Ozark to lower the requirement to 5’ 5” so that more women would qualify.
What do you think about the Court’s ruling? I need this done in 2 hours.