Assignment 2: Ethical (Moral) Relativism In America

Assignment 2: Ethical (Moral)
Relativism

In America, many are comfortable
describing ethics as follows: “Well, what’s right for me is right for me and
what’s right for you is right for you. Let’s just agree to disagree.” This is
an affirmation of what philosophers call individual or subjective moral
relativism. In this understanding of relativism, morality is a matter of
individual feelings and personal preference. In individual moral relativism,
the determination of what is right and wrong in a situation varies according to
the individual. Moral relativists do not believe in natural law or universal
truths.
Cultural
moral relativism puts
culture at the forefront of relative ethical decision-making. It says the
individual must include the precepts of his or her culture as a prominent part
of the relativistic moral action.
Lawrence Kohlberg,a
prominent psychologist known for recognizing moral stages of development, takes
it a step farther saying cultural relativists are persons stuck in the “Conventional Stage”
of ethical development.
In your paper, please define
individual moral relativism and cultural moral relativism in detail, noting how
they differ from each other, their strengths and weaknesses, and give your
position on Kohlberg’s stance on ethical relativism.
What aspects of ethical relativism do you identify and agree with? What aspects
do you disagree with? Give a personal example that illustrates your
stance on ethical relativism, describing how you made a moral decision in an
ethical dilemma. Include at least two references to support your
thoughts.
Post a 500-word paper to the M4:
Assignment 2 Dropbox

Assignment 2 Grading Criteria

Maximum
Points

Significant critical analysis of
individual ethical relativism, cultural ethical relativism, and Kohlberg’s
position; including definitions, strengths, and weaknesses.

36

Described personal ethical stances
on each form of relativism in relation to own personal ethical system,
including whether and how personal ethical system is compatible or
incompatible with relativism.

24

Used a personal example to
illustrate and support stance on ethical relativism in relation to own
ethical system.

16

Justified ideas and responses by
using appropriate scholarly examples and at least two references from texts,
Web sites, and other references.

4

Wrote in a clear, concise, and
organized manner; demonstrated ethical scholarship in accurate representation
and attribution of sources; displayed accurate spelling, grammar, and
punctuation.

20

Total:

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